Rumus-rumus Trigonometri

trigonometi_sincostanFungsi Dasar

\sin A = \frac{a}{c}\,
\cos A = \frac{b}{c}\,
\tan A = \frac{\sin A}{\cos A}\ = \frac{a}{b}\,
\cot A = \frac{1}{\tan A} = \frac{\cos A}{\sin A}\ = \frac{b}{a}\,
\sec A = \frac{1}{\cos A}\ = \frac{c}{b}\,
\csc A = \frac{1}{\sin A}\ = \frac{c}{a}\,

Identitas trigonometri

\sin^2 A + \cos^2 A = 1 \,
1 + \tan^2 A = \frac{1}{\cos^2 A} = \sec^2 A\,
1 + \cot^2 A = \frac{1}{\sin^2 A} = \csc^2 A \,

Penjumlahan

\sin (A + B) = \sin A \cos B + \cos A \sin B \,
\sin (A - B) = \sin A \cos B - \cos A \sin B \,
\cos (A + B) = \cos A \cos B - \sin A \sin B \,
\cos (A - B) = \cos A \cos B + \sin A \sin B \,
\tan (A + B) = \frac{\tan A + \tan B}{1 - \tan A \tan B} \,
\tan (A - B) = \frac{\tan A - \tan B}{1 + \tan A \tan B} \,
2 \sin A \times \cos B = \sin (A + B) + \sin (A - B),
2 \cos A \times \sin B = \sin (A + B) - \sin (A - B),
2 \cos A \times \cos B = \cos (A + B) + \cos (A - B),
2 \sin A \times \sin B = - \cos (A + B) + \cos (A - B),

Rumus sudut rangkap dua

\sin 2A = 2 \sin A \cos A \,
\cos 2A = \cos^2 A - \sin^2 A = 2 \cos^2 A -1 = 1-2 \sin^2 A \,
\tan 2A = {2 \tan A \over 1 - \tan^2 A} = {2 \cot A \over \cot^2 A - 1} = {2 \over \cot A - \tan A} \,

Rumus sudut rangkap tiga

\sin 3A = 3 \sin A - 4 \sin^3 A \,
\cos 3A = 4 \cos^3 A - 3 \cos A \,

Rumus setengah sudut

\sin \frac{A}{2} = \pm \sqrt{\frac{1-\cos A}{2}} \,
\cos \frac{A}{2} = \pm \sqrt{\frac{1+\cos A}{2}} \,
\tan \frac{A}{2} = \pm \sqrt{\frac{1-\cos A}{1+\cos A}} = \frac {\sin A}{1+\cos A} = \frac {1-\cos A}{\sin A} \,
About these ads

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s